After British troops under Arnold’s command sacked Richmond, Virginia, an enraged Washington ordered the Marquis de Lafayette to capture and “execute [him] in the most summary way” to “make a public … appearance. Margaret Oswald Chew, wife of Maryland's fifth governor John Eager Howard, was born on December 16, 1760 at "Cliveden," the Chew family estate in Philadelphia. his father's footsteps to become the twenty-second Governor of Maryland. Margaret “Peggy” Chew (1760-1824)was only 17 years old when Captain John André asked her to be his date to the hottest party in occupied Philadelphia: the Mischianza. "3  Chew’s mansion, Cliveden, reflected his pattern of conspicuous consumption. Perhaps Peggy Chew would have married the dashing Major John André, Benjamin Chew’s daughter Peggy was one of André’s most enthusiastic accomplices. The two carried on a long Reprinted from The Traitor and the Spy by James Thomas Flexner, Sadly, Peggy never had a chance to answer this plea, for André between the British headquarters and the American traitor Benedict Arnold, For the rest of the war, Washington was obsessed with getting his hands on his former confidante. Cliveden has long been famous as the site of the … The Chew Family donated its papers to the Historical Society in 1982, and at that time all the known papers were transferred from Cliveden to the society.2 But such was their volume and ubiquity throughout the mansion that by 2000 Cliveden staff had assembled a secondary archive consisting of eighty shelf-feet of additional documents. during a battle of the Revolutionary War and soon became infatuated with Peggy Chew Howard; Elizabeth Chew ... Subcategories. “Meschianza.” LCP Art & Artifacts. A revered hero for his bravery in the Battle of Cowpens, Howard was Prominent Philadelphian Benjamin Chew was the father of Margaret (Peggy) Chew, the close friend from childhood of Peggy Shippen. their home was renowned as a "scene of much hospitality" and a "center Howard who finally won her hand. Benjamin Chew went abroad in 1741 and entered Middle Temple, Inns of Court, London. States Senate, John Eager and Peggy Chew Howard retired to "Belvedere" "4 Perhaps even more important to Chew’s public image, however, was his exploitation of enslaved laborers. took up residence at "Belvedere," Howard's newly constructed mansion, and noted the ceremony and reception in his diary.15  The couple When this material is used, in whole or in part, proper citation and credit must be attributed to the Maryland State Archives. If you paid for your ticket, you are guanteed a copy. As the Continental Army shivered and starved, Benjamin Chew’s daughter Peggy danced with Major John André at the lavish Mischianza ball held in honor of the departing British General Howe. For almost five decades, the household on Third Street was filled by Benjamin and Elizabeth Chew, their son Benjamin, and their daughters Anna Marie, Elizabeth, Sarah, Margaret (Peggy), Juliana, Henrietta, Sophia, Maria, Harriet, and Catherine, all of whom were actively engaged in the social, civic, and cultural life of … I finally went up to Cliveden house/Chew Mansion where the Battle of Germantown was fought. Cliveden had been sold before the revolution, but was repurchased by the family in 1797, later becoming the center of the Chew family’s activities. included a seat in the Maryland State Senate as well as a term in the United On October 2, Cliveden was famous for its entertainments, and during the Revolutionary War was the scene of the Battle of Ger-mantown, when the house was seized by the British. Tagged #american revolution , #history , 18th century , american history , battle of germantown , chew mansion , clivden , PA history , peggy chew , philadelphia , philadelphia history , philly , wyck house at this period was the Jennings House located on a four-acre lot that is to Margaret Oswald Chew Howard's introductory page. Over the years, seances have been known to conjure the spirit of Samuel Chew Jr., a former resident of the house. Thanks to André and to other recorders we may watch again the mischianza, that splendid and rather touching absurdity. Peggy.12  Wounded during the fighting at Eutaw Springs, Benjamin Chew (November 19, 1722 – January 20, 1810) was a fifth-generation American, a Quaker-born legal scholar, a prominent and successful Philadelphia lawyer, head of the Pennsylvania Judiciary System under both Colony and Commonwealth, and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Province of Pennsylvania.Chew was well known for his precision and … Although she eventually married Maryland's future John Chew was an early settler at Jamestown, Virginia, the first English colony in North America, established in 1607. 5-6. These included many attentive suitors. . ! And for Peggy Chew also he wrote and illustrated a souvenir booklet descriptive the mischianza, signing himself her most devoted Knight and Servant.’ The booklet is still in the Chew house, Cliveden, in Germantown. For more info on the battle, see my previous post here. to fill. June 28, 2008. C Cliveden (Germantown, Pennsylvania)‎ (155 F) H Harriet Chew Carroll‎ (5 F) S Sophia Chew Philips‎ (7 F) Media in category "Benjamin Chew" PLEASE NOTE: The site may contain material from other sources which may be under copyright. Upon leaving Home was Cliveden, Germantown house begun in 1763. Therefore, he convinced his physician, Dr. Craik, to act as a courier for The Chews became at once identified with the growing colony, serving as sheriffs, clerks, and esquires of the county besides participating in every war from the first Indian battles to the close of the Revolutionary War, Civil War and War of 1812. he feared that another suitor would court her during his convalescence. Chew graciously stepped into the role of First Lady of Maryland, a position Reprinted from Pillars of Maryland by Francis Sims McGrath. the "bombardment" of letters proved to be too much for the long sought Notes for BENJAMIN CHEW: Attorney General Benjamin Chew 1755-1769. Built as a country house for attorney Benjamin Chew, Cliveden was completed in 1767 and was home to seven generations of the Chew family. American soldiers who searched him and found them. A Romantic Interlude. Margaret Oswald Chew, wife of Maryland's fifth governor John Eager Howard, was born on December 16, 1760 at "Cliveden," the Chew family estate in Philadelphia. correspondence with his family. Margaret "Peggy" Oswald Chew Howard (1760-1824) Fig. I -1 f 1 "! died at the age of 63 on May 29, 1824. Share. Mr. Joseph Shippen, a social commentator of the period, thought "Mary and of elegance and grandeur."16. Now a property of the National Trust in Historic Preservation. ! which her years among the social elite in Philadelphia had groomed her 1824 Based on a silhouette from life. Chew regularly imported luxu-ries from London that were meant solely to convey his high social status and distin-guish him in public as a gentleman. in 1816 to spend their remaining years together.19  Peggy "5, As proof of her abundant charms, Peggy was frequently surrounded by Margaret, or "Peggy" as she was affectionately called by friends and family, was one of nine children born to Benjamin and Elizabeth Oswald Chew. Margaret had one sibling: Julianna Nicklin . chief executive, one of her most famous suitors was Major John André.6  Collection of the Frick Art Reference Library, The Chew sisters took full advantage of their social position. Rights assessment, and full originating source citation, is the responsibility of the user. Accessed February 01, 2018. Finally, KATHERINE was born in 1770, in <, Md>. Restoration and reconciliation. In … Cliveden. They were both from wealthy Baltimore families. Savvy Peggy was well aware of this weakness, and exploited it to the hilt. selected to fill the position of Governor in Maryland from 1788 to 1791.17  MSA SC 3520-2232 Sunday, July 14, 1935 G, JULY 14, 1935 so Society : Informal Festivities Break Monotony of Current Days I . Our 50th Reunion Memory Book is almost ready! I 'it H5 t . Philadelphia: Cliveden of the National Trust, Inc. pp. Colonel Howard first saw the Chew home ... Peggy later joins her husband in England and Canada. She was survived by her husband During this time the couple lived in Annapolis in Government House, which children who distinguished themselves in Maryland affair. Benjamin was one of six sons and two daughters born to Col. John Eager Howard of Revolutionary War fame and his wife Margaret (Peggy) Chew, daughter of Pennsylvania Chief Justice Benjamin Chew of Cliveden in Philadelphia and courted by the British Major John Andre. Considering Re-enactments: The Battle of Germantown in the Light of 21st–Century Gun Violence, Preserving & Adapting Their World: The Women of Cliveden, http://www.librarycompany.org/artifacts/meschianza.htm. Samuel Chew III Assures Cliveden's Place in History, 1870–1887 IX "Germantown's Greatest Private Park" Mary Brown Chew and her Son, Samuel Chew IV, Carry on the Tradition, ... written by Major John André and sent to Peggy Chew, June 2, 1778. and heated courtship by pen while Colonel Howard remained an invalid. In a battle on the Delaware River, Americans succeed in blowing up the British warship the Augusta. The Continental Army wins a decisive victory at Saratoga, New York. The marks of bullets may still be seen in the wall at the right of the illustration. General George Washington, one of the honored guests in attendance at Cliveden, Painting of the Battle of Germantown, by an unknown British artist, c. 1780-1800. be her "Knight of the Burning Rose," and as a sign of his devotion, he Although the three dazzling daughters of Edward Shippen, Jr., including Peggy, were decked out ready to go, family tradition has it that Judge Shippen put his foot down and refused his daughters permission, allegedly because of the “indelicacy of their costume.” Benjamin was born on September 30 1758, in Md. I finally went up to Cliveden house/Chew Mansion where the Battle of Germantown was fought. Cliveden, he delivered these lines of poetry to Miss Chew: Self-portrait by John André John who remained a widower until his own death on October 12, 1827.20, Return At Margaret married Gov. In 1777, the British occupied Cliveden, Chew’s country house, which became a main stage of the Battle of Germantown in October of 1777. after Peggy Chew to resist; according to family lore, she "surrendered 11. but fate stepped in when he was ordered away from Philadelphia. who treated them "as if they were his own children. XVI PEGGY CHEW, MAJOR ANDRÉ, AND THE MISCHIANZA, May 18, 1778. This category has the following 3 subcategories, out of 3 total. and was in possession of the treasonous papers when he was captured by Upon Benjamin Chew's return to Philadelphia, he increased his land purchases, ultimately acquiring extensive property holdings in Pennsylvania, adding to inherited properties in Maryland, New Jersey, and Delaware. For those who did not purchase a ticket, the cost of the Memory Book is $20.00, which includes shipping. Tagged #american revolution , #history , 18th century , american history , battle of germantown , chew mansion , clivden , PA history , peggy chew , philadelphia , philadelphia history , philly , wyck house the messages that passed between the lovers. Cliveden was commandeered by British troops when General Howe’s forces successfully occupied Philadelphia in summer 1777. Copy of the Portrait by Charles Willson Peale 1780, the British officer was hanged at Tappan, New York.11, As a result, Peggy lost her most ardent suitor, and it was John Eager '1 (1 ! Portrait of Benjamin Chew (1722-1810), painted by James Reid Lambdin (1807-1889), 1874. Benjamin Chew’s country house Cliveden at 6401 Germantown Avenue is the center of much of the action. Cliveden, also known as the Chew House, is a historic site owned by the National Trust for Historic Preservation, located in the Germantown neighborhood of Northwest Philadelphia. For the ball, called "The Meschinaza," the men dressed in court costumes The historic site of Cliveden was host to the Battle of Germantown in 1777, where many men met their fate. For more info on the battle, see my previous post here. After John's lengthy public career which, in addition to the governorship, In 1777, the British occupied Cliveden, Chew’s country house, which became a main stage of the Battle of Germantown in October of 1777. Margaret, or "Peggy" as she was affectionately called by friends and family, was one of nine children born to Benjamin and Elizabeth Oswald Chew. c. 1772, Collection of James André, Esq. Collection of the Maryland Commission on Artistic Property now a part of the United States Naval Academy.18  Peggy In the meantime, Cliveden, one of the grandest houses in America, was in ruins. Benjamin Chew. André later presented Peggy with a souvenir manuscript of the evening Gray stone withurns on roof imported from England. Maryland State Archives, MSA SC 1545-1134, Margaret Oswald Chew married John Eager Howard on May 23, 1787.14  which he personally designed and rendered.9, Meschianza Ticket drawn by John André furthermore, they became particular favorites of General George Washington, Sophia, and George who, born in Government House, ultimately followed in Memory Book! First Lady of  Maryland 1788-1791, Mrs. John Eager Howard and Son by Florence Mackubin The Chew Family donated its papers to the Historical Society in 1982, and at that time all the known papers were transferred from Cliveden to the society.2 But such was their volume and ubiquity throughout the mansion that by 2000 Cliveden staff had assembled a secondary archive consisting of eighty shelf-feet of additional documents. and her siblings "enlivened the dances and drawing rooms of Philadelphia;" was found guilty of spying; he had been entrusted with the correspondence Cliveden gained dual eminence as both the site of the 1777 Battle of Germantown and the refuge that sheltered the Chews during the yellow fever epidemics of the 1790s. He claimed to In the final years of the eighteenth century, Cliveden gained dual eminence as both the site of the 1777 According to Tillotson in "Exquisite Exile", there is a tradition that Andre made her aquaintance here. Mine has been an eventful life.” She had indeed led an eventful life. Cliveden had been sold before the revolution, but was repurchased by the family in 1797, later becoming the center of the Chew family’s activities. from the reign of Henry IV while the women appeared as Turkish maidens.8  very feminine, her long, fine-boned face almost too delicately made. the age of seventeen, Peggy was described as "a slim brunette, gentle, Margaret Peggy Oswald Howard was born on December 6 1760, in Cliveden, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Judge Benjamin Chew and Elizabeth Peggy Chew. unconditionally" to the noble colonel, and the couple became engaged.13, John Eager Howard by Thomas Sully John Eager, Jr., Benjamin Chew, Charles William, James, Julianna, Elizabeth, In honor of Valentine’s Day, we bring you a Cliveden romantic interlude…. staged a grand ball on May 18, 1778 and chose Peggy Chew as his escort.7  This web site is presented for reference purposes under the doctrine of fair use. 1 Jane. ! The union of Governor and Mrs. Howard produced several accomplished André was a most impassioned admirer of Miss Chew. John Andre escorted Peggy Chew to the Mischianza. . Officeholders similar to or like Benjamin Chew. Peggy Benjamin Chew, III was born on month day 1793, at birth place, Pennsylvania, to Benjamin Chew and KATHERINE (BANNING) CHEW Chew (born Banning). John Eager Howard on May 23 1786, at age 25 in Cliveden, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Elizabeth the most beautiful" but confirmed that "Peggy was the charmer. Cliveden had been sold before the revolution, but was repurchased by the family in 1797, later becoming the center of the Chew family's activities. 1778 Was frequently surrounded by many attentive suitors, Americans succeed in blowing up the British warship Augusta... Honor of Valentine ’ s Day, we bring you a Cliveden romantic.... 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